Patents as Devices of Accumulation by Exclusion: The Case of COVID-19

Article by Lungani Hlongwa. Abstract: As some countries were preparing to enter the ‘post-covid-19 era,’ news headlines consistently reported of the grim prospects that some countries would remain entrapped by the pandemic for years to come. Crucial to this transition from the pandemic to the post-pandemic era is the ability …

Masks in East and West: Conflicts, Bifurcation and Interpretation under the Pandemic—From a Semiotic Perspective

Article by Jiaxin LIU & Yuan-Hsun CHUANG. Abstract: The word “mask” has become prevailing and medical face masks have widespread increasingly since the outbreak of the Covid-19. However, at the beginning of the pandemic, the interpretation of wearing a medical face mask is extremely different and controversial in some Eastern …